His Excellency Mr.Vladimir Andres Gonzalez Quesada
We welcome this important initiative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to organize the International Seminar on Human Rights and Cultural Diversity, at a time when humanity is witnessing a serious crisis that beyond its economic dimension can also be seen in the political, social and cultural realities.
Amid a complex global scenario Cuba, as a pro-tempore member of the Human Rights Council and a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), has continued to speak out in defense of the principles and purposes of the United Nations Charter and the basic principles of international law in all negotiations on human rights.
We also defend the mechanisms of international cooperation in human rights, in conformity with the principles of universality, objectivity, impartiality and non-selectivity as real way for promotion and protection of human rights in the world.
We reaffirm, as stated by Article 5 of the 1993 Vienna Declaration on Human Rights, our support to the universality, indivisibility, interdependence and interrelatedness of civil and political rights and as well as economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development. Therefore we think that to achieve this status, all signatory nations of that declaration should take into account, for its fulfillment, the respect for diversity among the States. There is no an “ideal” and unique democracy model for all countries. On the contrary, there are different models. In the analysis of the situation of human rights in each country, national and regional particularities of the various historical, religious, legal and cultural heritage and political, economic, social and philosophical systems must be taken into consideration.
Cuba rejects attempts to stigmatize, impose condemnatory resolutions and punitive mechanisms for countries perceived as transgressors of a single model of democracy based on the Western view. There can be no real democracy or freedom in the midst of inequality, ignorance, total or functional illiteracy, and a lack of political, economic, scientific and artistic culture accessible only for tiny minorities even within developed countries.
Cuba defends cultural diversity against hegemonic visions, the prevalence of ethical and aesthetic values in contrast to commercial approaches, safeguarding the identity and the linking of culture with the preservation of the human species. Moreover, Cuba highlights the importance that should be given to the protection and preservation of tangible and intangible cultural heritage and to make culture serve the interests of society.
Our country underlines the significance of international cooperation in promoting and encouraging observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, based on the understanding of the economic, social and cultural singularities of each country, in the full realization and recognition of the universality of all human rights.We also recognize the principles of freedom, justice, equality and non-discrimination, cultural diversity and the pursuit of cultural development of all peoples and nations as a source of mutual enrichment for the cultural life of humanity.
Likewise, as expressed in the Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity, no one may invoke cultural diversity to infringe upon human rights guaranteed by international law, nor to limit their scope. The respect for cultural rights is essential for development, peace and for overcoming poverty, for promoting social cohesion and respect, tolerance and mutual understanding between individuals and groups, in all their diversity.
It is known the support Cuba has traditionally provided to the Islamic Republic of Irán. The existence of a special rapporteur on its human rights situation, we believe it is another example of discriminatory, politicized and double standard practices handled by various agencies of the United Nations system.
In this regards, Cuba reiterates its firm and clear position of principle against country‑specific resolutions and selective mandates against Southern nations, which do not contribute to the atmosphere of cooperation and dialogue, so essential and necessary in current international context. It is clear that human rights are not the real motivation for Iran to be analyzed in the Human Rights Council. After the Islamic Revolution, this country became a target for the Western powers, seeking for a regime change that allows them to seize and control the abundant resources this nation owns.
We reaffirm our support to the Government and people of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and encourage them to continue to exercise its right to self-determination, and promoting and protecting human rights of its population.
Thank you very much.