Various Approaches to Multiculturalism and the Individual Human Rights
Last decades brought previously unknown scale of migrations and growing multicultural environments in many cities and countries. This process in turn creates new problems and previously unknown phenomena with which societies need to deal. Ideas about the nature of plural societies differ between countries and the question arises how to organize societies in this new reality.
Is the word multiculturalism always understood in the same way? According to multicultural psychologist John W. Berry’s model (2011, 2007) plural societies may implement at least four intercultural strategies of absorbing ethnocultural groups: integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization. Do all the countries name the same phenomena under the word multiculturalism? Another problem is that there is more and more voices that multiculturalism cannot co-exist with fundamental individual human rights.
All this leads to the question what exactly multiculturalism means and what different solutions may be hidden under this word and how do they relate to human rights respect or violations. The aim of my presentation is to compare different multiculturalism solutions and plural societies basing on the examples of various countries and to refer this comparison to different practices of human rights respect.
* Jakub Kryś is a Ph.D. student at the Institute of Psychology of the Polish Academy of Sciences and Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities (firstname.lastname@example.org). Manuscript prepared and written in Lodz (Poland), Ohrid (Macedonia), and Pogradec (Albania) in August 2011.